Master 2

Radio Systems


Overview


The Radio Systems M2 addresses the techniques of design of communication systems at various levels: Radiofrequency (RF) systems, architectures, functions and components. The cursus organization consists of lectures, tutorials, practical work, seminars and projects based on a significant personal involvement. The students evaluations are based on written exams, written reports and/or oral defenses.

The program covers the following topics: microwaves techniques used in RF front-ends of transmission systems, notably for communications, radio devices, propagation issues for system deployment, theory and practice of antennas, a knowledge of the main methods of numerical simulation in electromagnetism and propagation (circuits, antennas, propagation channel), associated with computation methods dedicated to specific applications (EMF exposure and dosimetry, localization), an overview of satellite link systems for communications, GNSS and TV broadcasting, the basics of radar, as well as a good understanding of the roles of the physical layer and of the current and emerging medium access methods, and their interactions.

Language of instruction: French / English
This M2 will be taught in French and some modules that are specified in the following description may be taught in English.
ECTS: 60
Oriented: Industry or research
Duration: 1 year
Courses Location: Palaiseau (Télécom Paris & Télécom SudParis)


Educational objectives


The students must acquire a mastery of radio and/or guided transmission systems implemented in the telecommunications, satellite or indoor localization, broadcasting, radar and other sectors, with particular emphasis on radio communications. Students will be made aware of emerging and future technologies to address the challenges of new services, new applications, requiring higher capacity, reduced latency, increased reliability, or low throughput but associated with other applications functionalities (localization, identification, etc.) and/or targeting a large number of terminals or sensors. It is therefore necessary to optimize the functions and architectures of the radio systems, in order to contribute to the overall optimization of the networks The purpose of the M2 is to train engineers and researchers able to meet these challenges.


Program structure


Semester 1
• Radio Microwave functions; 45h; 4ECTS; Ghalid ABIB
• Radio architecture and Physical layer and network interface; 45h; 4 ECTS; Muriel MULLER (Badii JOUABER)
• Antennas and propagation channel; 30h; 3 ECTS; Christine LETROU
• Emerging radio technologies, Dosimetry and interaction of radio waves with living organisms; 30h; 3 ECTS; Xavier BEGAUD Joe WIART
• Satellite communications systems ; 30 h ; 3 ECTS, Anne Claire LEPAGE
• Positioning / goniometry / radio localisation & RADAR; 45h; 4 ECTS; Nel SAMAMA (Jean-Christophe COUSIN)
• RF Instrumentation, measurement & EMC; 30 h; 3 ECTS; Jean-Christophe COUSIN (Muriel MULLER)
• Drone and applications (with a GPS/ UWB project);30 h; 3 ECTS; Alexandre VERVISCH-PICOIS
• Research initiation project; 45 h; 3ECTS; Christophe ROBLIN

Internship; 30 ECTS

Radio Microwave Functions

ECTS: 4.

Objectives: This module aims to deepen the knowledge of microwave functions and components present in telecommunication systems. In addition to the theoretical courses, experimental labs and simulations allow to illustrate their operation.

Content:
• Introduction (1h30): architecture / functions required by the RF front-end.
• Transmission line theory course (3h): coaxial, microstrip, tri-plate, coplanar, impedance matching and S-Parameters.
• Passive and actives devices course, part I (3h): directional coupler and power divider (quadrature and 180° couplers, Lange couplers, Wilkinson dividers).
• Passive and actives devices course, part II (3h): microwave filtering.
• Filter design lab work (3h).
• Power amplifier and non-linearities courses (9h).
• Load-Pull simulation lab work (3h).
• Noise and LNA courses (3h).
• LNA design lab work (3h).
• Mixer, modulator / demodulator IQ courses (3h).
• Oscillator, PLL course (3h).
• MMIC course (3h).
• Device characterization with a VNA lab work (3h).
• Exam (1h30).

Guidelines on writing learning outcomes:
At the end of the module, student will be able to:
• Identify microwave components and explain their role in a radio system.
• Characterize microwave components.

Organization:
– Coordinator: G. ABIB (TSP).
– Teachers: G. ABIB (TSP), A. KHY (TP) and E. BERGEAULT (TP).

Languages: french / english.

Time Table:
– Organization: Courses 31.5h / Lab works 12h / Exam 1h30.

Assessment modes: written exam and continuous control (CC).
CC = Average (Lab works grades)
1st session = 1 written exam (C1)
2nd session = 1 written exam (C2)
Final grade = Average (CC, Sup (C1, C2))

CDIO:
1.1 Knowledge of underlying sciences.
1.2 Core engineering fundamental knowledge.
1.3 Advanced engineering fundamental knowledge.
2.1.1 Problem identification and formulation.
2.1.2 Modeling.
2.1.5 Solution and recommendation.

 

Radio architecture and Physical layer and network interface

ECTS: 4

Objectives
• know the possible architectures for a radio system in order to size this system and optimize the transmission based on specifications that are close to a standard.
• understand the interactions of the PHY layer with the upper layers and the resulting stresses

Content related to radio architecture
• Architectures (heterodyne, Zero IF, Low IF, SDR) Course (3*3h)
• Tutorial on Radio architecture dimensioning for a standard of telecommunication (3h)
• ADC, DAC RF course 3h
• IQ QPSK, QAM, constellation, eye pattern course (1h30 )
• Modulations lab work thanks to Matlab or ADS simulations (4h30)
• Lab work on Spectrum ACPR & EVM Signal analysis (3h)

Content related to the physical layer/network interface:
The radio channel, its modelling and representation lecture (1h30)
Analysis of the UL and DL transmission chain: channel estimation, modulation/demodulation, channel coding, (case of LTE/5G) lecture (1h30)
– Antennas and beamforming principle for 5G lecture (3h)
– MIMO, virtual MIMO and cooperative radio lecture (3h)
– Functions of the MAC layer, reporting of radio measurements (Channel Quality Indicators), resource allocation, HARQ access and retransmission techniques (LTE/5G case) lecture (1h30)
– Architecture of the base station and its evolution: Functional split, separation of baseband and radio processing (notions of Remote Radio Head (BBU) and Base Band Unit (BBU)) with different split levels (CPRI and eCPRI). Analysis of the constraints of these splits in terms of processing time, throughput and delay on the fronthaul, lecture (1H30).
– C-RAN architecture and cooperation techniques between base stations (CoMP, eICICIC,…), HetNet tutorial (3h)
– MIMO systems lab work (3h)

Learning outcomes:
At the end of this module, students will be able to:
– choose an architecture adapted to the system under study
– measure the main characteristics of a system to evaluate it
– write coherent lab work reports explaining the choice made for the analysis of the problem
– analyse the impact of the radio channel on the data transmissions performance
– analyze the contribution of PHY/MAC functions and their interactions
– offer solutions for optimizing transmissions on radio channels

Organization:
– Coordinators : Muriel Muller (TSP), Badii Jouaber (TSP)
– Teachers : Muriel Muller (TSP), Ghalid Abib (TSP), Jean-Christophe Cousin (TP), Antoine Khy (TP), A. Ghazel (SupCom), P. Desgreys, Badii Jouaber (TSP), A. Marzouki (TSP), Christine Letrou (TSP).

Language: french (english possible)

Time Table: (45h)
Organization: Courses 21 h / Tutorials 6 h/ BE 6h / Practical work 12h

Assessment modes: written exam, lab works grades
1st session = weighted average : 1 written exam (C1) (2*1h30) and continuous control (CC)
CC = weighted average (Lab works grades)
2nd session = 1 written exam (C2)
Final grade = weighted average (CC, Sup (C1, C2))

CDIO
1.1 Knowledge of basic sciences.
1.2 Knowledge of fundamental engineering principles.
1.3 Advanced engineering knowledge: methods and tools
2.1.1.1 Learn to pose and formulate problems.
2.1.2 Modelling.
2.1.5 Solutions and recommendations
2.3.1 Think globally
2.4.4 Critical thinking
4.3.1 Understanding needs and setting objectives
4.3.2 Define the function, concept and architecture
4.3.3 System Engineering: Modelling and Interfaces

Antennas and Propagation Channel

ECTS : 3
Keywords: electromagnetic field, radiation, antennas, propagation, radio channel, multi-antenna processing

Teaching unit description and objectives
This course will develop student knowledge regarding propagation and antennas, especially in radiowave communication systems, with a focus on radiated field representations and channel/antenna coupling. Theoretical courses will be illustrated by experimental or computational practical works.
This module aims to increase students’ knowledge in the fields of propagation and antennas, particularly in radiocommunication systems, with an emphasis on the representation of radiated fields and antenna-channel coupling. The theoretical courses will be illustrated by experimental and simulation TPs.

Physique du rayonnement et des antennes
Radiation fundamentals, Helmholtz equations, radiated field, far field approximation, antenna polarisation, emitting antennas (internal power link budget, reflection coefficient, dissipation, gains), receiving antennas (reciprocity, equivalent surface, diffusion), equivalent circuit models: 1.5 h
Equivalence principles, image principle, complementary antennas, Babinet/Booker; aperture radiation and diffraction, plane wave spectrum, physical source and limitations of directivity (diffraction/ Fourier). Application to radiating horns: 3h (Course 1.5 h, TD 1.5 h).

Near field antenna, Poynting theorem, spherical modes, Chu-Harrington limits ; linear antennas, Hertzian dipole ; application to RFID antennas ; antenna miniaturisation, frequency band widening: 1.5 h
Summary on printed antennas, « multi » antenna design (multiband, multistandard, adaptive, agile, multifunction), mobile terminal antennas, UWB antennas, UHF RFID antennas: 3h.
Practical work on antenna radiation characterisation and related processing: 3 h.
Translation theorem, array antennas, phased arrays, beam forming techniques, Radar antennas: 3h (Course 1.5 h, TD 1.5 h).
Fundamentals of asymptotic methods (GO, GTD/UTD, Gaussian beam shooting), ray-tracing (image theory) and ray/beam launching methods: 1.5 h.
Reflector antenna analysis, equivalent aperture, ray-based method, Physical Optics. Focal arrays for imaging and Radar applications: 1.5 h
Practical work on reflector antenna analysis: 3 h

Propagation channel
Physical and communication properties of the radiowave propagation channel, three level propagation model (path loss, large and small scale fading), empirical and statistical models, stationary channel, joint antenna/channel approach, introduction to MIMO systems and to multi antenna signal processing (mainly spatial diversity) : 3 h
Practical work: ray tracing or launching for propagation channel analysis: 3 h

Learning outcomes:

Understand propagation and antenna physics, propagation channel modelling techniques and antenna-channel coupling.
Analyze and specify antennas in a system context.
Understand the principles of asymptotic methods, and master their conditions of use for the analysis of major antenna problems and the physical simulation of propagation/diffraction.
Understand the basic concepts of modern signal processing techniques in multi-antenna systems.

Organization:
Coordinators : C. Letrou (TSP), C. Roblin (TP)
Teachers : C. Letrou, C. Roblin, A. Khy

Language: french

Time Table: 30h
Organization : CM 15 h / TD 3 h / TP 9 h / CC 3 h

Assessment modes: written exam, lab works grades and synthesis from literature (written report and oral defense)
Final grade = weighted average (labs, exam).
CDIO :
1.1 Knowledge of basic sciences.
1.2 Knowledge of fundamental engineering principles.
1.3 Advanced engineering knowledge.
2.1.1.1 Learn to pose and formulate problems.
2.1.2 Modelling.
2.1.5 Solutions and recommendations.

Emerging and Future Radio Technology, Dosimetry and interaction of radio waves with living organisms

ECTS : 3
Keywords : Miniaturized Antenna, Metamaterials, Millimeter Waves, 5G, Massive MIMO, Electromagnetic Radiation, Dosimetry, Exposure Limits and Regulatory Constraints

Teaching unit description and objectives:
The « Emerging and Future Radio Technology » topic presents current research and advances in radio systems dedicated to wireless communications. It is structured in two parts. The first part is about ongoing work on new key elements of radio systems and is followed by more general presentations of applications using these innovations.
The topic « Dosimetry and interaction of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic field » gives to students the means to understand the constraints induced by RF EMF exposure on the design, industrialization or deployment of wireless communicating systems and included relatives infrastructures.
It will provide the means for predicting or controlling exposure levels

Content related to Emerging and Future Radio Technology
Introduction on emerging and future standards (« 5G & Beyond »): 1.5 h.
Concepts and foundations of artificial materials (metamaterials, EBG, AMC, etc.), and application to the design of antennas and RF circuits: 3h.
Tutorial : Metamaterial antenna and / or circuit: 1.5 h.
Increase of the operating frequency, interest and specific difficulties of the millimetric and sub-THz bands, in terms of antennas and the channel; contribution of the millimeter in the 5G (small cells, fixed links, « wireless backhaul ») and for the imaging: 3h (Course 1.5 h, Tutorial 1.5 h).
To go further on the MIMO systems (spatial multiplexing, antenna design), and « massive MIMO »: 3h (Course 1.5 h, Tutorial 1.5 h).
Possible option: IoT (« massive »), (dense) sensors arrays (low data rate and energy efficient); wireless body networks (antennas / channel): 1.5 h.
Control : 1.5 h.

Content related to dosimetry

I. Human exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) (3h)

Interactions of EMF with living organisms
• States of knowledge, risks and risk perception
Exposure indicators
• Electric fields, magnetic fields, transmitted power density and Specific
Absorption Rate
• National laws and directives, International standards and regulatory
limits for systems emitting radio waves

II. Exposure assessment via Measurement (3h)

Laboratory measurement
• Specific Absorption Rate (SAR): Equipment and different approaches (direct measurements, measurements with vector probes networks and decomposition in plane wave spectrum, machine learning, ..)
• Measurement of antenna radiation and surface density of power: Equipment and different approaches (direct measurements, spherical modes, millimeters waves measurements..)
In situ measurement
• concept of « Conservative » or « real » approaches
• Measures of environmental exposure: Equipment and different approaches and protocols (spot or in car measurements, sensor network and Artificial Intelligence..)

III. Exposure assessment via numerical methods. (3h)

Reminder on Numerical Methods used in dosimetry (Moments Method, Finite Elements, Finite Differences in the Time Domain).
Specificity of finite-difference time domain (FDTD) method applied to wave-to-person interactions Calculation of DAS via FDTD-Hybridization measurements – simulations

IV. Uncertainty analysis (3h)

Assessment of uncertainties in measurement (GUM)
Introduction to applied statistical methods in electromagnetism
(Propagation and Quantification of Uncertainty, Substitution Models,
Kriging, Chaos Polynomials)
Sensitivity Analysis

V. Case Study, TP, Conferences (3h)

Analysis of articles
Case study
Conferences by outsiders (CST, MVG, ARTfi, ANFr, LNE)

Learning outcomes:
At the end of this module, students will be able to:
To understand the specific features of emerging and future radio communication standards regarding antennas and the propagation channel.
To be able to discuss with the specialists of the PHY and MAC layers of these standards.
To understand the constraints related to the exposure of people and specify the limits to respect for a wireless communication system
Choose the most appropriate method for assessing the exposure levels induced by a wireless communication system)

Organization:
– Coordinators : Xavier Begaud, Joe Wiart (TP)
– Teacher : Xavier Begaud, Christophe Roblin, Anne Claire Lepage, Joe Wiart (TP) and external lecturers.

Language :
French
English

Timetable : 30h
Organization: Courses 18h & seminars / Tutorials 4.5 h / Lab work 6h / Practical works

Assessment modes:
Continuous control and final control
Synthesis from a bibliographic study or case study (written report and oral defense).
Final score = Average of all scores obtained
CDIO :

1.1 Knowledge of underlying sciences.
1.2 Core engineering fundamental knowledge.
1.3 Advanced engineering fundamental knowledge.
2.1.1 Problem identification and formulation.
2.1.2 Modélisation.
2.1.5 Solution and recommandation.

Satellite communications systems

ECTS : 3
Key words: satellites, link budget, ground station, Satellite-based navigation systems

Teaching unit description and objectives:
This module presents an introduction to satellite systems. We will approach this module from the perspective of the designer of a satellite system. Which orbit, which frequency to choose? How to design the system to achieve the expected performance? What should be the gain of satellite and ground antennas? What power and how many power amplifiers? Etc.
Satellite-based navigation systems, which are increasingly integrated in land mobile communication systems, are also being studied.

Content:
• Introduction on satellite systems: global architecture, orbits, frequencies, launch systems,…: 3h
• Structure of a satellite: platform and payload, specificities of communications satellites: 1h30
• Link budget of a ground-satellite link, influence of rain, gas, clouds, etc …, specificities of the channel: 3h
• Tutorials on the link budget: 3h
• Ground station: architecture, pointing systems: 1h30
• Tutorials on the architecture of a payload: 1h30
• Mobile satellite communications: 1h30
• VSAT systems: 1h30
• Bibliographic project on new technologies and architectures in space domain: 3h
• Study of satellite positioning systems (GNSS): GPS / GLONASS / Galileo / Beidou: principles, radio aspect and signals, position calculation, performances, correlations, sources of errors, cases of propagation in constrained environments (multiple paths), stakes, evolutions (6h)
• Lab work: use of equipment and evaluation of actual performance (3h)
• Written exam: 1h30

Learning outcomes:
At the end of this module, students will be able to:
– discuss with satellite system experts
– understand the overall operation of a satellite communications system
– know the different elements constituting a satellite communications system
– identify, for a given application, the key parameters for making choices on the system
– propose a system architecture from specifications

Organization:
Coordinator : Anne Claire Lepage (TP)
Teachers: Anne Claire Lepage (TP) ; Nel Samama (TSP)

Language:
French (english possible for exam)

Time Table:
Organization: Courses 15h / Tutorials 4h30 / Lab works 6h / Project 3h/ Exam 1h30

Assessment modes:
written exam, lab works grades and project presentation
1st session = weighted average: 1 written exam (C1) and continuous control (CC).
CC = weighted average (Lab works grades and project presentation)
2nd session = 1 written exam (C2)
Final grade = weighted average (CC, Sup (C1, C2))

CDIO:
1.1 Knowledge of underlying sciences.
1.2 Core engineering fundamental knowledge.
1.3 Advanced engineering fundamental knowledge.
2.1.1 Problem identification and formulation.
2.1.5 Solution and recommendation.

Positioning/ goniometry/ Radio Localization & et RADAR

ECTS : 4
Keywords : positioning, localisation, IoT, uav, indoor, radar, FMCW, monopulse, SAR,

Teaching Objectifs
The objective of this course is to make students aware of the cooperative (or not) positioning by geolocalization or radar techniques. The two aspects have a different philosophy but are often complementary in the applications dedicated to indoor IoT, help in the displacement of people and the aircraft positioning.

• Develop and evaluate positioning systems in multiple environments and multiple stresses.
• Understand the general principles of the radar: Radar classification, Equation of the radar, Radar Cross Section, Doppler filtering for detection of moving targets.
• Know the problem of detection, false alarm and clutter. Become an expert of the architecture of specific radars (pulse compression, Doppler pulse radar, monopulse radar and synthetic aperture radar or SAR).
• Address some applications on avionics systems and acquire some knowledge of radar imagery and its associated signal processing.

Geolocalization courses:
• Introduction: Geolocalization history and concept (1h30 )
• Study of positioning systems technologies (Sensors networks, telecommunication networks, IR, RFID, radar, wifi, Mobile phone, inertial systems) (6h00)
• Indoor and GNSS (1h30 )
• Tutorial : Indoor and outdoor maps techniques, (3h00 -)
• Tutorial: GPS devices uses (3h00 –)
• Training : Implementation of indoor and outdoor positioning on Smartphone (or other device), evaluation of operating parameters, problematic of data fusion (5x3h00)

Defense of the training results (3h00 )

– RADAR courses:
• General principles of the RADAR (3h)
• Tutorial : Radar sizing (1.5 h)
• Clutter and false alarm, Modern and advanced Radars (3h)
• Lab’s: RCS measurement & SAR Radar (3h)
• Radars for avionics (3h)
• Radar Imaging (1.5h)

Skills
• Understand the strengths and limitations of different geolocalization systems
• Implement experiments related to geolocalization from a mobile device
• Evaluate the performance of a geolocalization system and conceptualize this assessment using experimental data extracted from field-deployed equipment
• Compare geolocation methods according to several criteria (accuracy, reliability, cost, adaptation, dependence on the environment)
• Handle the coordinate system conversions
• Analyze the calculation of a position error
• Size a radar (range, power, resolution)
• Characterize simple target’s RCS and understand a SAR radar working
• Acquire the basics of radars for avionics and the satellite imaging

These achievements will be assessed through several projects and trainings carried out in groups of two students, resulting in rated reports.

Organization :
Chairmans : Nel, Samama (TSP), J-C. Cousin (TP)
Teachers: J-C. Cousin, A. Vervisch-Picois, M. Muller, Florence Tupin, Nel Samama

Language : Français/Anglais
Timetable : 45h as
Courses 16h30 / Tutorials 7h30 / 18h00 lab’s and training / 3h00 defense

Assessment mode:
written exam, lab works grades and project presentation
1st session = weighted average: 2 written exams (C1 on Radar and C2 on Localization systems) and continuous control (CC).
CC = weighted average (Lab works grades and project presentation)
2nd session = 1 written exam (C2)
Final grade = weighted average (CC, Sup (Average(C1 Radar, C1 Localization), C2))

CDIO :
1.1 Knowledge of underlying sciences.
1.2 Core engineering fundamental knowledge.
1.3 Advanced engineering fundamental knowledge.
2.1.1 Problem identification and formulation.
2.1.5 Modelization.
2.1.5 Solution and recommendation.
4.3.1 Understanding needs and setting objectives
4.3.2 Define the function, concept and architecture
4.3.3 System Engineering: Modelling and Interfaces

RF Instrumentation, measurement & EMC

ECTS : 3
Keywords: RF measurements, RF Characterization, Vector network analyzer, Spectrum analyzer, Signal analyzer, Electromagnetic compatibility,

Teaching unit description and objectives
The objectives of this course are to make students aware of the use of specific devices for RF characterization and the difficulty of obtaining reliable and reproducible measurements for the characterization of circuits, the frequency signal analysis in the frequency and time domains in the field of microwaves and RF. Applied to the framework of wireless communication systems and to the problem of the expansion of devices for IoT, this course also makes it possible to identify electrical disturbances related to the environment. The goal is to be able to make a system insensible to spurious signals related to a modern environment.

Content related to the instrumentation part:
course on VNA & calibration, Power measurement, signal generation (3h)
course on spectrum analyser (real time & sweep mode) and signal analyser (3h)
– measurements of noise, SNR and chain noise factor (1h30)
– Industrial seminar and measurements by Keysight (1h30)
– Lab’s : VNA : calibrations & measurement, sensitivity, MMIC & Probe station characterization (3h)
– Lab’s : Spectrum Analyzer, RF Power Measurement, SNR measurement (3h)

Content related to the EMC part:
– Define the expected performance of the RF equipment (reliability, system safety aspects) and expected radio characteristics (frequency, bandwidth, power, out-of-band rejection, link assessment with RF receivers associated with the equipment…) (1h30)
– Detect the presence of other RF/Non_RF equipment in the system, external environments (radar sources, ESD phenomena, etc.), how to characterize these sources with regard to the EMC performance of the equipment integrated in the system ( 1h30)
– Lab’s : Evaluation of the EM environments generated by these sources in the vicinity of the equipment, to account for possible field reinforcement (cavity effect), verify field distribution, (3h0)
– Identify at this stage possible incompatibilities with the system’s avionics or with the external environment (overlapping frequency band for example…): what types of solutions to solve these problems
– How to build the EMC specification of the radio equipment and the impacts on other system equipment
– Lab’s : EMC qualification of the equipment, representative aspects (3h )
– Consideration of the RF equipment in the EMC justification of systems and demonstration of the objectives set (reliability, safety aspects) (1h30)

Learning outcomes:
At the end of this module, students will be able to:
– Assimilate the constraints of time and frequency analysis in the microwave and radio frequency domain.
– Understand the operation of measuring devices (Vector network analyzer, Spectrum analysis, Signal analysis, Wattmeter)
– Sizing and calibrating a measuring bench for characterization
– Estimate the reliability and margins of error of measurements
– evaluate in the environments the problematic EM sources
– implement experiments related to EMC measurement
– acquire knowledge on EMC issues for radio systems

Organization:
– Coordinators : Jean-Christophe Cousin (TP), Muriel Muller (TSP).
– Teachers : Muriel Muller (TSP), F. Todeschini (Ariane Group), Jean-Christophe Cousin (TP), Ghalid Abib (TSP), , Antoine Khy (TP), M. Duthoit (Keysight).

Language: french (english possible)

Time Table: (30h)
Organization: Courses 12 h / Tutorials 3 h/ lab’s 13h30

Assessment modes: written exam, lab works grades
1st session = weighted average : 1 written exam (C1) (2*1h30) and continuous control (CC)
CC = weighted average (Lab works grades)
2nd session = 1 written exam (C2)
Final grade = weighted average (CC, Sup (C1, C2))
CDIO :
1.2 Knowledge of fundamental engineering principles.
1.3 Advanced engineering knowledge: methods and tools
2.1.5 Solutions and recommendations
2.2.3 Experimental research
2.4.4 Critical thinking
4.3.1 Understanding needs and setting objectives
4.3.2 Define the function, concept and architecture
4.3.3 System Engineering: Modelling and Interfaces

Drone and applications

ECTS: 3
Keywords: UWB, Sensor Fusion, Positionning, Drone

Content of the courses:
Goals:
The purpose of this module is to draw the student’s attention to the difficulty of establishing communication in a confined space (or not) and to obtain a measurement from a radio signal to acquire information as precise and critical as distance measurement or positioning or any other information (health, environment…). Since sensor networks are at the heart of this problem, it will then be necessary to merge the data collected by them in order to take advantage of them to optimize the result.
The objective for the students is to acquire experience in the field implementation of certain studied concepts. It places students in an approach that is both engineering and research. Indeed, the implementation, adaptation and concrete realization from existing scientific literature is an engineering job. The critical approach and the development of an adapted protocol is a research task. This type of double kind of approach during the university curriculum is often valuable to recruiters in the industrial world.
Content:
• Courses / TD BE TP
• Propag indoor: study of the canal, multi-paths,
• UWB (channel, architecture…) 802.15.4a and 60 Ghz
• Principles for determining positioning
• Sensors and data fusion (GPS, UWB, Inertial, Radar and other sensors)
Project:
Students are offered a project (10-15 classroom hours, 30 hours of actual work) to associate UWB modules with the navigation system of a drone or land mobile (typically a small mobile robot) in order to bypass the constraints associated with the use of drones (legal flight prohibition outside, risk of destruction and wound).
The idea will consist in the development of a simple system whose purpose will be to control the movement of the mobile to another mobile (a person or another drone), based on a distance measurement made using a UWB module. The method developed could be compared to a simple position control by GPS.
The core of the work will not consist in integrating the electronic cards, they will already be provided as well as the mobiles. Nor to manage the interface between the board and the UWB modules. In fact, students will have at their disposal platforms integrating all that is necessary for this purpose. For this purpose, standard prototyping equipment such as Arduino can be used.
The students will study, experiment and critique a sensor fusion method. To do this, the project could be sequenced as follows:
• Students first choose a method of sensor fusion from the scientific literature. Here, students can either choose their method from scientific articles they have found themselves, or choose one amongst articles proposed at the beginning of the project. It would be appropriate for each group (typically composed of 2 students) to choose a different method.
• Once the crucial choice has been made, a simulator implementation phase of the method (under matlab for example) would follow to verify its theoretical efficiency and the convergence of the algorithms used in idealized situations (which would nevertheless take into account the modeling of known phenomena).
• In parallel with the previous phase, the students would develop the experimental protocol for validating/criticizing the method.
• The next step would consist of implementing the method on the platform.
• Tests would then be carried out with critical feedback on the protocol itself and the possibility of re-testing from this critical base if necessary.
• The project would conclude with a presentation and report on the results of the study.
This type of project will allow students to consistently implement courses on propagation, UWB, positioning and sensor fusion. As we have understood, the position control can be performed in several ways; we will be able to test several types of algorithms on this occasion. This must take into account the environment and the problems of electromagnetic propagation. In addition, a study on the placement on the drone/mobile of the UWB antenna, its most suitable radiation pattern, will reinforce the practical experience from a concrete implementation (the problems related to distance measurement by UWB having their specificities).

Skills to be acquired:
• Select a relevant article that responds to the problem
• Deploy an adapted simulation
• Implement experiments based on information from the scientific literature
• Evaluate the performance of the system
• To criticize the methods used
• To write a coherent report related to the issue
• Present their work with the necessary hindsight and intellectual honesty

Organization and follow-up:
– Coordinator: A. Vervisch- Picois
– Speakers : JC Cousin, N Samama, G Abib, M Muller
Language: English/French

Charge: 30h
Organization: 6h CM / TD / BE / 21h PW
Evaluation: reports/ Presentation
CDIO :
– 1.1.1.1 – Mathematics (including statistics)
– 1.1.2 – Physics
– 2.3.1 – Think globally
– 2.4.4 – Critical thinking
– 3.2.6 – Oral presentations

Research initiation project

ECTS : 3
Key words : « Mini-project »
Description of the course content:
– Objectives :
To be confronted with a concrete research problem in the field of radio systems. To stimulate initiative and develop autonomy.
– Content
Analysis of bibliographic documents and research work, which may include theoretical, technical, practical and / or software aspects.
The expected workload of the students is 45 hours (including 12 hours in class).
Course evaluation : 3h

Compétences à acquérir :

Organization:
– Coordinators : C. Roblin (TP) M. Muller (TSP)
– Teachers: All teachers involved in the M2 « Radio System » will be asked to propose research-oriented projects.

Language: French/English
Time table volume: 45 h (including 12 hours in class )
– Organization : Presentation of the subject and face-to-face meetings : 9 h

Course evaluation type: Project report and oral defense
CDIO :
1.1 Knowledge of basic sciences.
1.2 Core engineering fundamental knowledge.
1.3 Advanced knowledge in engineering.
2.1.1 Learn to rise and formulate problems.
2.1.2 Modeling.
2.1.3 Qualitative analysis.
2.1.5 Solutions et recommendations.
2.2 Scientific methods: experimentation, investigation and initiation to research
2.4.4 Critical mind.
3.2.3 Written communication.
3.2.6 Oral presentations.


Laboratories involved


LTCI (Information Processing and Communications Laboratory) : The Information Processing and Communication Laboratory (LTCI) is Télécom Paris’ in-house research laboratory. Since January 2017, it has continued the work previously carried out by the CNRS joint research unit of the same name. LTCI was created in 1982 and is known for its extensive coverage of topics in the field of information and communication technologies. LTCI’s core subject areas are computer science, networks, signal and image processing and digital communications. The laboratory is also active in issues related to systems engineering and applied mathematics.

The SAMOVAR Joint Research Unit (Services répartis, Architectures, MOdélisation, Validation, Administration des Réseaux) brings together within TELECOM SudParis several teams of researchers working in the field of services, networks and telecommunications.
The laboratory was awarded the UMR n° 5157 label in 2003, and continues its work on the design and administration of future networks based on the development of uses and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).


Career prospects


Students will be prepared either to continue their cursus in PhD, or to join a company as engineers, mainly in research and development. All the knowledge and know-how acquired will enable professional integration in the following business sectors: high-frequency electronics, telecommunications, aeronautics, automotive, integrated systems, technologies for space, defense, electromagnetic measurement and metrology.


Institutional partners


Telecom Paris and Telecom SudParis are founding members of the Institut Polytechnique de Paris. Both belong to the IMT (Institut Mines-Télécom) and are considered as leading engineering schools in France.

Télécom Paris is one of the top four engineering schools in France for training general engineers. Recognized for its close ties with businesses, this public graduate school ensures excellent employment prospects in all industries and is considered the number-one engineering school for digital technology. With its top-level innovative teaching, Télécom Paris is at the center of a unique innovation ecosystem, drawing on the interaction and cross-disciplinary nature of the school’s academic programs, interdisciplinary research, two business incubators and its campuses (Paris and Sophia Antipolis – EURECOM). Its LTCI laboratory has been recognized by HCERES as an outstanding unit and for its international reputation and exceptional number of initiatives supporting the socio-economic world and industry, as well as for its great contribution to teaching.

Telecom SudParis is a publically operated graduate engineering school established in 1979 as the Institut National des Télécommunications (INT), It is a Grande École that belongs to the Institut Mines-Télécom (IMT) Group. It trains tomorrow’s elite engineers and managers in the field of digital sciences and technology. It is a pioneer in project-based pedagogy and in the development of entrepreneurial spirit. Telecom SudParis offers a wide range of training opportunities through its programs and partnerships in fields ranging from applied mathematics to networks and information systems, including electronics, image processing and multimedia.Its strong ties with many industrial partners have largely contributed to its reputation. Collaboration with companies enables Telecom SudParis to stay up-to-date with the needs and expectations of the business world, which are taken into consideration to continually reforming courses, curriculum and the educational process. Telecom SudParis operates globally with over 147 partnership agreements with institutions of higher education in 52 countries. Telecom SudParis supports more than 15 business start-ups a year. Its incubator, IMT Starter, was among the first created in France. It launched the second largest Entrepreneurship Competition in France, the Digital Start-up Trophy, to identify and support start-up companies in the Ile-de-France region. Research at Télécom SudParis is part of the generic field of Information and Communication Sciences and Technologies (ICTS). Its SAMOVAR Joint Research Unit (Distributed Services, Architectures, Modeling, Validation, and Network Administration) brings together several teams of researchers working in the field of services, networks and telecommunications. SAMOVAR is rewarded and recognized internationally for its high quality research that covers various domains of Information and Communications Technologies.


Industrial partners


Telecom Paris and Telecom SudParis and their research laboratories actively collaborate with many industrial partners, including :
CEATech-LETI, MBDA, Airbus, Ariane Group, Thales, MVG, ARTFI, Siradel, Davidson, Sequans, some of whom will be part of the Master’s speakers and the program advisory committee and will contribute to the evolution of the teaching topics and priorities. These partners may also offer internships to students.


Chair and partnership


The Chair C2M (Caractérisation – Modélisation – Maîtrise) of the Institut Mines Telecom – associated with Télécom Paris and IMT Atlantic and supported by the ANFR (Agence Nationale des Fréquences) – will be a partner of the M2. The purpose of the Chair is the Characterization, Modelling and Control of Electromagnetic Fields Exposure and dosimetry. This requires many activities in a multidisciplinary framework, related, among others, to numerical computation, statistics, antennae, specific measurement techniques, and network architecture. The Chairholder, Joe Wiart, will notably contribute to the teaching. In this context, the companies MVG (Microwave Vision Group) and ARTfi, as well as the government agency ANFR, will accompany the Master through their partnership with the Chair.


Admissions


Application guidelines for a master’s program at IP Paris

Academic prerequisites

  • Fields: Basic electronics, electromagnetism, microwave basis, signal
  • Students with previous knowledge in the fields of electronics, microwaves, signal processing or digital communications
  • Students having completed the IP Paris Master 1 in Electrical Engineering for Communications & Information Processing program, engineering students, or all students having completed the 1st year of a master program (Master 1) related to the above-mentioned fields.

Language prerequisites
Courses will be given in French and potentially in English. The language of instruction is specified in each module.
The level required from students is as follows:
English: IELTS ≥ 6, TOEIC ≥ 785, CECRL ≥ B2
Français / French: CECRL ≥ B2

Application timeline
Deadlines for the Master application sessions are as follows:
– First session: February 28, 2020
– Second session: April 30, 2020
– Third Session (optional): June 30, 2020 (only if there are availabilities remaining after the 2 first sessions)
Applications not finalized for a session will automatically be carried over to the next session.

You shall receive an answer 2 months after the application deadline of the session.
You can check your application status by logging in your candidate space.


Tuition fees


National master: Official tuition fees of the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation
(2019-2020, EU students: 243 euros / Non-EU students: 3770 euros)


Contact


Muriel Muller

Roblin Christophe

Email