Master 2

Large facilities


Overview


This M2 aims to cover the physics and the technology of the specific large facilities in which the electromagnetism plays a central role: particle accelerators, lasers, tokamaks. All these instruments participate in the generation and the control of a plasma, i.e. ionized matter constituted by free charged particles. In this context, several processes come into play: plasma injection, for fusion or particle accelerator seed; plasma confinement, with magnetic fields generated by superconducting coils or under irradiation; plasma heating and particle acceleration by high-intensity lasers or radio-frequency sources. This M2 has a generalist profile oriented to the research on and the application of these large facilities, as well as to the design, the operation and the project management of such instruments.

Language of instruction: English
ECTS: 60
Oriented: Industry or research Research
Duration: 1 year
Courses Location: Université Paris Saclay, Ecole polytechnique


Educational objectives


Some research programs require specific equipment too expensive for a single research laboratory, thus the involved labs are led to share them. Access to such facilities is generally possible through a Program committee which prioritize the research projects. Conception, construction, operation and management of these facilities require engineer / researcher teams with multi-disciplinary skills (engineering, technology and physics). They have to be able to routinely run, upgrade and improve the facility. They can also participate to the scientific experiments performed on the facility, where they generally serve as co-PI. This M2 consists in a multidisciplinary program, composed by ~350 h of lectures/tutorials/hands-on and a 5.5-month long mentored research internship.


Program structure


• Electromagnetism, special relativity, plasmas – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: J.M. Rax, F. Zomer, S. Bastiani-Ceccotti)
• Overview on fundamental plasma physics. Introduction to laser-matter interaction.
• Tokamak physics – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: J.M. Rax, Y. Sarazin)
• Introduction to the basic physics and the technology of tokamak reactors. High-power-laser physics – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: O. Guilbaud, M. Hanna, C. Le Blanc)
• General physics of laser systems, high-power laser chain architecture.
• Particle accelerator physics – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: N. Delerue, N. Chauvin, A. Gamelin, C. Bruni, L. Perrot
• Panorama on the different accelerators, sources and accelerator elements (LINACs, cyclotrons, synchrotrons), particle beam dynamics.
• Numerical methods and simulation – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: G. Bonnaud, F. Jedrzejewski)
• Modeling, numerical analysis, stability, iterative and direct strategies to solve big linear systems, hydrodynamic, particle-in-cell and Monte-Carlo methods.
• Supra-conductivity, cryogeny, vacuum techniques, hautes tensions – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (C. Baumier, C. Marrache, F. Costa)
• Introduction aux systèmes cryomagnétiques et supraconducteurs, physique des basses temperatures, fluides cryogéniques, hautes tensions.
• Projects and organization of large facilities – Lectures – 2 ECTS – 16h (S. Mey…, P. Moustard)
• Notions of project management, specific aspects related to the large facilities: hosting infrastructure management, reliability, …
• Hands-on on large facilities – Lab – 4 ECTS – 48h (several tutors from many IPP and UPSaclay labs)
• Numeric or lab work on research facilities of IPP and UPSaclay on the three themes: magnetized plasmas, high-power lasers, particle accelerators.
• Validation conditions: Written exam in session 1, oral exam in session 2. Same validation criteria that in the UPsaclay M2.

Specialization: Particle accelerators
• Detection, measure – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: P. Puzo, A. Lounis)
Fundamental physics of detectors, basis of electronics, design of a detection chain, big data analysis, state-of-the-art of radiation and particle detectors.
• Plasma-wall interaction – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: V. Pontikis, N. Fedorszak)
Radioprotection- and nuclear irradiation-related problems.
• Powerful radiofrequency sources – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (LAL or Soleil or CEA lecturers)
Physics and design of radiofrequency cavities for use in particle accelerators.

Specialization: Tokamaks
• Detection, measure, radiation – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: P. Puzo, A. Lounis)
Fundamental physics of detectors, basis of electronics, design of a detection chain, big data analysis, state-of-the-art of radiation and particle detectors.
• Plasma-wall interaction – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: V. Pontikis, N. Fedorszak)
Physics and diagnostic of the interaction plasma-wall in tokamak plasmas.
• Confinement, heating, transport – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: Y; Sarazin, Y. Peisson)
• Physics of the confinement and the heating of the tokamak plasmas. transport and turbulence, heating and current generation.

Specialization: Laser-plasmas
• Laser and plasma diagnostics – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: C. Le Blanc, S. Bastiani-Ceccotti, S. Depierreux)
• Metrology of laser beams (energy, pulse duration, wavefront, …). Plasma diagnostics: Thomson scattering, X and UV diagnostics, X-ray spectroscopy, interferometry, …
• Dense plasmas and Inertial Confinement Fusion – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: B. Canaud, R. Piron)
General concepts of the Inertial Confinement Fusion, in both the direct and indirect drive approaches: compression, heating, ignition, burn.
• Ultra-High-Intensity laser-matter interaction – Lectures – 3 ECTS – 24h (Lecturers: J. Faure, L. Gremillet, A. Flacco, C. Thaury)
Physics of the relativistic laser-matter interaction: particle acceleration, QED, …

Validation conditions: Written exam in session 1, oral exam in session 2. Same validation criteria that in the UPsaclay M2.

Student gathering in Geneve or Cadarache or Bordeaux – 6 ECTS

Internship: 5 1/2 months, 21 ECTS


Laboratories involved


Intense Lasers Laboratory (LULI)
Applied Optics Laboratory (LOA)
Plasma Physics Laboratory (LPP)
Irradiated Solids Laboratory (LSI)


Career prospects


The vast majority of the graduate students have a research activity using their physicist skills. With a solid expertise on the different technologies implemented in the major research infrastructures coupled with skills in plasma physics, the students graduated from M2 Large Instruments are able to hold positions as researcher, research engineer, design engineer and project manager, whether in the public sector within major research organizations or in the private sector, in companies or industrial groups with strong research and development activities:
• Research organizations: CEA, CNRS, ONERA
• Companies: AREVA, CANBERRA, ALSTOM, AIR-LIQUIDE, THALES, NEXANS, COMEX, EADS, ITHPP, …


Admissions


Application guidelines for a master’s program at IP Paris

Academic prerequisites

  • Completion of the 1st year of a master program (Master 1)

Language prerequisites

  • Fluent English

Application timeline

Deadlines for the Master application sessions are as follows:
– First session: February 28, 2020
– Second session: April 30, 2020
– Third Session (optional): June 30, 2020 (only if there are availabilities remaining after the 2 first sessions)
Applications not finalized for a session will automatically be carried over to the next session.

You shall receive an answer 2 months after the application deadline of the session.


Tuition fees


National Master: Official tuition fees of the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and innovation (2019-2020, EU students: 243 euros / Non-EU students: 3770 euros)


Contact


Serena Bastiani-Ceccotti
Plasma physics and laser-plasma interaction
Email